From: (Magnus Kempe)
Newsgroups: comp.lang.ada,comp.answers,news.answers
Distribution: world
Subject: Ada FAQ: The Ada WWW Server
Followup-To: poster
Reply-To: (Magnus Kempe)
Summary: Home of the Brave Ada Programmers (HBAP WWW Server)
         introduction.  Does *not* get into Ada programming questions
           [for that see the companion Ada/programming FAQ].
Keywords: Ada, WWW, Hypertext, Multimedia
Organization: None

Archive-name: computer-lang/Ada/www-server
Comp-lang-ada-archive-name: www-server
Posting-Frequency: monthly
Last-modified: 12 July 1996
Last-posted: 31 May 1996

This FAQ is maintained by Magnus Kempe at the Ada Home.

Ada FAQ: The Home of the Brave Ada Programmers
(HBAP WWW Server)

In this FAQ you will find: an overview of the contents of the HBAP WWW server (the Home of the Brave Ada Programmers), general information on Ada and the WWW, and references to some available WWW browsers.

Recent changes to this FAQ are listed in the first section after the table of contents. This document is under explicit copyright.

Table of Contents:

Recent changes to this FAQ


The HBAP WWW Server is a hypertext information server to help disseminate information about the Ada programming language. It is alive and heavily used. The HBAP was created and is managed by Magnus Kempe.

The URL of HBAP is
[don't forget the trailing '/'; and it's 'Ada', neither 'ADA' nor 'ada'].

The HBAP Ada WWW server keeps growing. All comments, ideas, contributions, and requests for additions or corrections, are most welcome. Email should be directed to the maintainer,

HBAP is physically located at the Software Engineering Lab of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland.

The latest version of this FAQ is always accessible through WWW as


This FAQ is maintained on an individual volunteer basis, by Magnus Kempe ( [Note: This is done as a hobby, not in my capacity as an employee at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. --MK]

Information about this document

This file is posted monthly to comp.lang.ada, comp.answers, and news.answers.

This document has a home on the HBAP, in hypertext format, URL

It is available --as posted in *.answers-- on, which archives all FAQ files posted to *.answers; see directory

The text-only version is also available in directory

Magnus Kempe maintains this document; it's a hobby, not a job. Feedback (corrections, suggestions, ideas) about it is to be sent via e-mail to

In all cases, the most up-to-date version of the FAQ is the version maintained on the HBAP WWW Server. Please excuse any formatting inconsistencies in the posted version of this document, as it is automatically generated from the on-line version.

What's On The HBAP WWW Server?

The HBAP WWW Server provides Ada-related information and hypertext access in areas including but not limited to:

For instance, you will find the list of schools using Ada in CS1 or CS2, articles on commercial success stories, information about software components, as well as hypertext versions of the Ada reference manual (both 83 and draft 9X).


The main entry point to the HBAP WWW Server is the page "Home of the Brave Ada Programmers", located at URL
Don't forget the trailing slash!

If you reference the HBAP WWW Server in a document, you should use the name "Home of the Brave Ada Programmers" -- or possibly "HBAP" or "The HBAP WWW Server".

The URL and names indicated above are the reference you should HREF if you want to keep a pointer to this page (other references are subject to change anytime--well, it's not quite that drastic, but they're not cast in electronic stone). For instance, using Netscape, you can use the Add Bookmark option of the Bookmarks menu to record a URL when you are visiting it.

Submission Directions

The HBAP WWW Server is a service provided as a means of disseminating information on Ada. Submittals are accepted by e-mail in text form, HTML markup, or as references to other locations containing information related to Ada. For other formats, please send a proposal first and we'll work it out.

Upload Directions

There is no "upload" directory for security reasons. To submit a document please send an e-mail message which contains a description of the contents of the document and the document as an attachment. If you send the document in a compressed or translated form, please indicate how to uncompress. If your document is very large--say 1 MB--I'll tell you how to upload it through FTP.

Send all correspondence to:

Description of Contents

Please make sure that the nature of the document is clear (title, author, contact information, date).

Copyright Restrictions

If the document has been copyrighted for publication elsewhere, provide information from the copyright holder that permission is granted to publish the document in this form (and DO provide a copyright notice). If it hasn't been published elsewhere, put an explicit copyright statement on it to protect your intellectual property.


Other Ada-Related WWW Servers

After the creation of HBAP, a number of personal and institutional efforts have also created Ada-oriented WWW servers. Here is a sampling:
ACM SIGAda -- the ACM Special Interest Group on the Ada programming language -- has its own home page, where you can find information about ACM SIGAda's activities.

The site includes information on the Working Groups within SIGAda. They deal with topics such as bindings, software standards, reuse, performance issues, and AI, just to name a few. There is also information on the many local SIGAda organizations found world wide. Additionally, there are some links from the SIGAda page to other Ada resources around the Internet.

Ada Resources for Educators and Students
This site targets the needs of educators and students interested in the Ada programming language and its associated tools, libraries, books, suppliers, and so on.

It is created and maintained at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, with partial funding from ACM SIGAda (Special Interest Group on Ada).

Ada Information Clearinghouse
The AdaIC is sponsored by the US DoD through the AJPO. It has a DoD-related mission, runs a server, distributes flyers, and publishes a newsletter. It also provides some reports and reference documents (online and on paper).

The Public Ada Library at WUArchive, USA.

European mirror of PAL
Located at Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, Paris (CNAM).

Ada-Belgium organizes an annual seminar, an annual Ada Tools Exhibition, small workshops, publishes 3 issues of its newsletter a year, and has two e-mail lists for the Ada community in Belgium. On demand, training seminars can be organized. They also manage an Ada archive (with material from the PAL, see below).

The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) is a federally funded research and development center operated since 1984 by Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

The SEI is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense through the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The SEI objective is to provide leadership in software engineering and in the transition of new software engineering technology into practice.

(This site has a lot of material about Software Engineering in general, and some about Ada in particular.)

What Is WWW?

The World Wide Web (WWW) is what Fortune Magazine ("The Internet And Your Business," March 7, 1994, pp. 86-96) called the "killer application" that will make the Internet indispensable to anyone in the 1990's just as the spreadsheet did for the PC in the 1980's.

WWW is like a distributed hypermedia encyclopedia. It is a database and communications protocol, it is multimedia, distributed, and hypertext. Clicking on links takes the user from document to document, from site to site, world-wide. WWW was originally developed by researchers at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland.

The basic concepts used in WWW are hypertext--text that is not constrained to be linear--and multimedia--information that is not constrained to be text. With hypertext, documents can contain links to other documents, or another reference within the same document. With multimedia, documents can contain objects that are not necessarily text--sounds, movies, and interactive sessions are all possible.

Now everyone knows (or pretends to know) what the Internet and WWW are; indeed, as early as in 1994, the WWW attracted attention from

For more information, read the WWW FAQ, available in hypertext at and in the FTP archive of news.answers:

Some WWW Browsers

Commercial and free WWW browsers are available for all major platforms (Unix, Macintosh, Windows, DOS, VMS, VM, NeXTstep...). New versions become available at least twice a year (for each browser), and even new browsers regularly make their appearance.

A list of browsers is available on the Web as and used to be regarded as an authoritative list.

Here is some quick reference information for a few free browsers:

Mosaic (the catalyst of the WWW) is the name of an application which lets users navigate through the Internet and browse through the Web; this software --distributed free to anyone who requests it and available for Unix workstations, Macintosh systems, and MS Windows-- is developed and maintained at NCSA, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. The Mosaic binaries are FTP-able from (Unix and VMS), and

Lynx is a full screen browser for vt100 terminals; precompiled binaries are available from

Cello is a client for PCs running Windows, available from

W3 is an Emacs subsystem, available from

Copying this FAQ

This FAQ is Copyright © 1994-1996 by Magnus Kempe. It may be freely redistributed --as posted by the copyright holder in comp.lang.ada-- in other forums than Usenet News as long as it is completely unmodified and that no attempt is made to restrict any recipient from redistributing it on the same terms. It may not be sold or incorporated into commercial documents without the explicit written permission of the copyright holder.

Permission is granted for this document to be made available under the same conditions for file transfer from sites offering unrestricted file transfer on the Internet and from Forums on e.g. Compuserve and Bix.

This document is provided as is, without any warranty.


Magnus Kempe --

"I know not what course others may take, but as for me,
Give me Liberty... or Give me Death!"
-- Patrick Henry, Son of Thunder